Car accidents can happen in many ways. There are head-on collisions, where the front ends of two vehicles crash into each other. There are rollover accidents, where a vehicle overturns or rolls, and many others. One of the least talked about kind is rear-end collision. This happens when a vehicle has crashed into the vehicle in front of it. So, rear-end collisions involve the front end of a vehicle and the rear-end of another.
Getting hurt in a car wreck is not a pleasant experience, especially if the accident has been caused by another party. Negligent parties may even be taken to court, so everybody should always be careful on the road to avoid the hassles of legal matters.
Common Causes of Rear-end Accidents
Tailgating: There should be a considerable distance between you and the vehicle in front of you so you can have a long reaction time to stimulus, such as the vehicle suddenly turning or stopping.
Sudden braking: Even if there is a considerable distance between you and the vehicle behind you, avoid braking suddenly. Also, check if your brake lights are working properly.
Speeding: If a vehicle is traveling too fast, it may not be able to stop on time to prevent crashing into vehicles stopped on traffic lights.
Distracted driving: Focus is an essential aspect of safe driving. Always put your eyes on the road to prevent crashing into the rear-end of another car.
Drunk driving: Alcohol can impair drivers, putting them at risk of accidents such as rear-end collisions. The limited reaction time and comprehension skills, feelings of drowsiness, and recklessness, are some of the most common causes of DUI accidents.
Common Injuries Sustained in Rear-end Collisions
Head injury: Drivers can hit their heads on steering wheels, dashboards, and other hard surfaces, inflicting injuries such as face disfigurement and brain damage.
Whiplash: The sudden jolt from rear-end collisions can catch the neck in a relaxed state, causing it to move forward and backward violently and cause injuries such as neck fractures and whiplashes.
Spinal cord damage: The back can also be caught off-guard by the sudden jolt from rear-end collisions, putting it at risk of back injuries and spinal cord injuries, such as herniated discs and paralysis.
It is a sad and common reality that traffic accidents happen with alarming frequency all over America. So many people are killed or left injured by road crashes every day, and a significant number of these victims involve pedestrians. According to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, pedestrians account for about 15 percent of traffic fatalities. In Pennsylvania, for example, Zavodnick, Zavodnick & Lasky, LLC states that 13.9 percent of car accident deaths in 2014 involved pedestrians.
Considering the statistics, it’s clear that so much can still be done to ensure the safety of American roads for people who opt to take public transportation and make constant use of sidewalks, refuge islands, and crosswalks.
The alarming number of pedestrian that become involve in traffic fatalities and injuries emphasizes the importance of advocating for safer road conditions. Raising awareness about the issue is a necessary step towards this goal. As we continue to discuss and investigate the common causes for such accidents, more and more people can become conscious of how they can help contribute to preventing pedestrian accidents. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that pedestrian accidents are most common in urban areas, likely due to the fact that more people opt to use public transportation in these places. They also noted that most of these accidents happen at nighttime. Combine these risk factors with reckless behavior on the road and we have a recipe for disaster. Pedestrian accidents can happen due to reckless driving mistakes such as running red lights and stop signs, speeding, and failing to yield at crosswalks or signal turns. In turn, pedestrians can also bring themselves in harm’s way by failing to use crosswalks and hazarding to cross a street with ongoing traffic.
Remember that even the slightest mistake can cause a lifetime of pain and suffering. It’s important for both drivers and pedestrians to keep in mind that these types of accidents are easily preventable as long as they follow traffic rules and regulations.
Compared to cars, 18-wheelers are much harder to maneuver; these huge vehicles also require more room, especially when making turns or driving along curves. This is why operating 18-wheeler or a big-rig requires special skills. Thus, before a person can be issued a commercial driver’s license, which will allow him or her to operate a truck (or a bus), he or she will first have to undergo a special training and a series of tests aimed at making sure that he or she can operate one safely.
There are more than two million semi-trailers currently operating in the U.S., according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). One fourth of these huge vehicles, that is 500,000 trucks, is said to get involved in accidents every year, with thousands of these accidents being fatal.
One of the common causes of truck accidents is a truck driver’s failure to check his or her blind spot, especially before making turns or making lane changes. A blind spot is an area where smaller vehicles are not visible to truck drivers. These blind spots, where most accidents occur, include a truck’s front, back area and sides, especially the passenger side.
Failure to check blind spots is a driver error which, according to the Federal Motor carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), is the cause of more than 90% of accidents involving trucks. Besides this failure, other errors attributed to truck drivers include driver fatigue, intoxication from prescription and/or over-the-counter-drugs which results to impaired driving, and speeding or driving too fast for road conditions.
The dangers that 18-wheelers or a big-rigs pose on the road make it imperative for truck drivers to observe all necessary safety measures. They should always realize that, due to the size of their vehicle, one mistake on their part can result to a deadly accident. Though it is true that they and, in certain instances, their employer, may be held liable for an accident that would occur, these accidents are nothing more than results of negligence, making these totally preventable. Accident lawyers from the Scudder & Hedrick, PLLC, law firm advises people who have been in a vehicle accident or caused an accident to find out and know about their legal rights and options to help their case.
Medical error or medical mistake, which is a failure to provide the quality care that a patient rightly deserves, is one of the many types of malpractice in the area of medicine. This scary mistake, which occurs in many hospitals and clinics in the US, often results to prolonged illness, permanent disability, other life-threatening conditions, and even death. Medical errors, however, are totally preventable since these are merely due to negligence or carelessness committed by medical professionals. This carelessness, according to the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services, resulted to the death of about 180,000 Medicare patients in 2010; however, in an article printed in the Journal of Patient Safety, medical errors is said to have ranged between 210,000 and 440,000 during the same year.
One example of medical mistake, which continues to cause great harm in patients, is surgical error. Surgery, due to its being a risky procedure, is resorted to by doctors only as a last recourse in treating an illness after all other attempts to remedy a patient’s health complaint fail. In its website, the Abel Law Firm explains that a patient, who undergoes surgery, puts a great deal of trust in his/her doctor’s ability to correctly diagnose an illness and decision to recommend surgery when the doctor sees it as a necessary part of treatment. However, instead of improving patients’ condition, so many surgical procedures have rather become more harmful and, quite alarming, a number of these errors have been committed by highly-respected medical professionals or in some of the best hospitals in the country.
Some examples of surgical errors that are listed with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality include: wrong dosage of anesthesia; removal of wrong organ; wrong-person surgery; wrong-site surgery; incorrect surgical procedure; improper suturing; accidental puncture or laceration; foreign bodies or surgical instruments left inside the body of a patient; hematoma or post-operative hemorrhage; respiratory failure, or pulmonary embolism; wound dehiscence (the rupturing of a wound along a surgical suture, which is a surgical complication that may be due to age, diabetes, obesity, poor knotting, or post-surgery trauma due to the wound); and, wrongful death resulting from complications from negligent surgery.
About 4,000 surgical errors are committed every year in various hospitals and clinics around the US. Thousands of lawsuits are also filed every year against doctors and hospitals by patients who have been injured due to these errors.
The iris is the colored portion of the eye that is responsible in controlling the diameter of the pupil. This part of the eye controls how much light enters the pupil and reaches the retina, which affects how well we see things. When the iris becomes inflamed due to many different reasons, iritis occurs.
Iritis can be a result of many different things, including trauma. A single but sharp blow in the eye could cause your iris to be inflamed. According to a Mokaram & Associates, P.C. website, eye trauma can be a result of automobile accidents, defective airbags, or dangerous eye solutions. Apart from trauma, iritis can also be a result of one or more of these:
- Infections – Tuberculosis and syphilis have been associated with iritis. Shingles may also increase your risk of this eye condition
- Certain medications – Certain antibiotic and antiviral medications may trigger iritis.
- Underlying medical conditions – These include Behcet’s disease and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- Genes – Some genetic alteration may cause certain autoimmune diseases, such as sarcoidosis, which triggers iritis
People with an inflamed iris may experience eye redness and pain, photosensitivity, and blurred vision. If not diagnosed and treated immediately, iritis may lead to other more serious eye complications. These include cataracts, glaucoma (pressure build-up inside the eye), macular edema (swelling in the retina), and keratopathy (corneal disease caused by calcium build-up). All these complications may profoundly compromise your vision, and may even result in irreversible blindness.
If you think you are at higher risk of iritis and are suffering from one or more symptoms above, you should visit your ophthalmologist immediately for quick diagnosis. Your doctor will typically start with a complete eye exam followed by external examinations of the eye, such as glaucoma test and split lamp test. After an iritis diagnosis, your doctor may then recommend dilating eye drops or steroid eye drops to get rid of pain and inflammation.